Kutluhan Aktar
Published © CC BY

AI-driven Forest Fire Prevention Robot w/ SMS & EZ-Robot

Remove negligently discarded cigarette butts, quench burning debris, and get informed of the incident location via MKR GSM 1400 over SMS.

ExpertFull instructions provided1,476

Things used in this project

Hardware components

EZ-B v4/2 Wi-Fi Robot Controller
Synthiam EZ-B v4/2 Wi-Fi Robot Controller
×1
ezrobot EZ-B Camera Block
×1
ezrobot Tracked Robot Chassis
×1
ezrobot Lever Servo
×3
ezrobot Rotation Servo
×3
ezrobot Gripper
×1
ezrobot Peg
×1
ezrobot Extension Block
×5
ezrobot Camera Extension Cable
×1
Arduino MKR GSM 1400
Arduino MKR GSM 1400
×1
SIM Card
×1
GSM / 3G Antenna
×1
DFRobot TS01 Non-contact IR Temperature Sensor
×1
L9110 Keyes Fan Motor
×1
KY-008 Laser Module
×1
Keyes 10mm RGB LED Module (140C05)
×1
SparkFun Logic Level Converter - Bi-Directional
SparkFun Logic Level Converter - Bi-Directional
×1
Creality Sermoon V1 3D Printer
×1
Creality Sonic Pad
×1
Creality CR-200B 3D Printer
×1
SparkFun Solder-able Breadboard - Mini
SparkFun Solder-able Breadboard - Mini
×2
3.7V LiPo Battery
×1
Jumper wires (generic)
Jumper wires (generic)
×1

Software apps and online services

EZ-Builder Designer for Windows
Synthiam EZ-Builder Designer for Windows
Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE
Fusion 360
Autodesk Fusion 360
Ultimaker Cura

Hand tools and fabrication machines

Hot glue gun (generic)
Hot glue gun (generic)

Story

Read more

Custom parts and enclosures

forest_fire_prevention_main_case.stl

forest_fire_prevention_camera_head.stl

forest_fire_prevention_peg_joint.stl

fire_detection_robot.EZB

fire_sound.mp3

siren.mp3

Schematics

Arduino MKR GSM 1400

Code

fire_detection_robot_SMS_service.ino

Arduino
         /////////////////////////////////////////////  
        //   AI-driven Forest Fire Prevention      //
       //        Robot w/ SMS & EZ-Robot          //
      //             ---------------             //
     //          (Arduino MKR GSM 1400)         //           
    //             by Kutluhan Aktar           // 
   //                                         //
  /////////////////////////////////////////////

//
// Remove negligently discarded cigarette butts, quench burning debris, and get informed of the incident location via MKR GSM 1400 over SMS.
//
// For more information:
// https://www.theamplituhedron.com/projects/AI_driven_Forest_Fire_Prevention_Robot_w_SMS_EZ_Robot
//
//
// Connections
// Arduino MKR GSM 1400 :
//                                EZ-B V4 SMART ROBOT CONTROLLER
// D13 (RX) ---------------------- TX
// D14 (TX) ---------------------- RX
//                                Keyes 10mm RGB LED Module (140C05)
// D2  --------------------------- R
// D3  --------------------------- G
// D4  --------------------------- B


// Include the required libraries.
#include <MKRGSM.h>

// Define the APN (Access Point Name) information:
// https://apn.how/
#define PINNUMBER     ""
#define GPRS_APN      "internet"
#define GPRS_LOGIN    ""
#define GPRS_PASSWORD ""

// Initialize GSM, GPRS, SMS, and location instances:
GSMLocation location;
GPRS gprs;
GSM gsmAccess;
GSM_SMS sms;

// Define the RGB LED pins:
#define redPin   2
#define greenPin 3
#define bluePin  4

// Define the data holders:
String command = "", loc = "";

void setup() {
  // Initiate the hardware (Serial1) serial port to communicate with the EZ-B V4 controller.
  Serial1.begin(115200);
  Serial.begin(115200);

  // RGB:
  pinMode(redPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(greenPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(bluePin, OUTPUT);
  adjustColor(0,0,0);

  // Start the modem and attach the Arduino MKR GSM 1400 to the GPRS network with the APN, login, and password variables.
  bool connected = false;
  // Uncomment to debug errors with AT commands.
  //MODEM.debug(); 
  while(!connected){
    if((gsmAccess.begin(PINNUMBER) == GSM_READY) && (gprs.attachGPRS(GPRS_APN, GPRS_LOGIN, GPRS_PASSWORD) == GPRS_READY)){
      connected = true;
    }else{
      Serial.println("GSM Modem: Not connected!\n");
      adjustColor(255,0,0);
      delay(1000);
    }
  }
  // After connecting to the GPRS network successfully:
  Serial.println("GSM Modem: Connected successfully to the GPRS network!\n");
  adjustColor(0,0,255);
  delay(5000);
}

void loop(){
  // Set the default color.
  adjustColor(255,0,255);
  
  // Obtain the robot's location via GPRS (General Packet Radio Service).
  getLocation();

  // Get the transferred command from the EZ-B V4 controller via the hardware serial port.
  if(Serial1.available() > 0){
    command = Serial1.readString();
  }
  // Activate the received command.
  if(command != ""){
    Serial.println(command);
    if(command == "location"){ SMS("+<_phone_number_>", loc); }
    else if(command == "off"){ adjustColor(0,0,0); }
    else if(command == "red"){ adjustColor(255,0,0); }
    else if(command == "green"){ adjustColor(0,255,0); }
    else if(command == "blue"){ adjustColor(0,0,255); }
    else if(command == "yellow"){ adjustColor(255,255,0); }
    else if(command == "magenta"){ adjustColor(255,0,255); }
    else if(command == "orange"){ adjustColor(255,165,0); }
    else if(command == "pink"){ adjustColor(255,192,203); }
    else if(command == "white"){ adjustColor(255,255,255); }
    // Clear the command string.
    command = "";
  }
  delay(2000);
}

void getLocation(){
  if(location.available()){   
    loc = "Location: "
          + String(location.latitude(), 7) + ", "
          + String(location.longitude(), 7) + "\n"
          + "Altitude: "
          + String(location.altitude()) + "m\n"
          + "Accuracy: +/- "
          + String(location.accuracy()) + "m";
    Serial.println(loc + "\n\n");
  }
}

void SMS(const char* phone, String msg){
  // Send an SMS to the given mobile phone number over the GSM network.
  sms.beginSMS(phone);
  sms.print(msg);
  sms.endSMS();
  Serial.println("SMS sent successfully!");
  adjustColor(0,255,0);
  delay(3000);
}

void adjustColor(int r, int g, int b){
  analogWrite(redPin, 255-r);
  analogWrite(greenPin, 255-g);
  analogWrite(bluePin, 255-b);
}

Credits

Kutluhan Aktar

Kutluhan Aktar

68 projects β€’ 229 followers
Self-Taught Full-Stack Developer | @EdgeImpulse Ambassador | Maker | Physics Enthusiast

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