moty
Published

Talking Clock

Using SD Card and 16x2 LCD module.

IntermediateFull instructions provided9,696
Talking Clock

Things used in this project

Hardware components

RGB Backlight LCD - 16x2
Adafruit RGB Backlight LCD - 16x2
×1
Arduino UNO
Arduino UNO
×1
Resistor 1k ohm
Resistor 1k ohm
×3
Resistor 2.21k ohm
Resistor 2.21k ohm
×3
Single Turn Potentiometer- 10k ohms
Single Turn Potentiometer- 10k ohms
×1
Capacitor 22 µF
Capacitor 22 µF
×2
Resistor 47.5k ohm
Resistor 47.5k ohm
×1
General Purpose Transistor NPN
General Purpose Transistor NPN
×1
General Purpose Transistor PNP
General Purpose Transistor PNP
×1
Speaker: 0.25W, 8 ohms
Speaker: 0.25W, 8 ohms
×1
Pushbutton switch 12mm
SparkFun Pushbutton switch 12mm
×3
SD Socket
×1

Story

Read more

Schematics

arduino clock2

Code

Talking Clock

C/C++
/*
 * sd_bell.ino
 *
 * Created: 5/06/2017 23:34:47
 *  Author: moty22.co.uk
 */ 
 
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

    // initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(7, 8, A0, A1, A2, A3);

const int CS = 10;          // SD CS connected to digital pin PD4
const int mosi = 11;
const int clk = 13;
const int ampON = 9;          // led connected to digital pin PB0
const int audio = 6;     //output D6
const int oc2b = 3;     //1000Hz
const int t1 = 5;     //1000Hz
const int talk = 2;     //talk pushbutton
const int minutes = A4;     //minutes advance pushbutton
const int hours = A5;     //hours pushbutton
int talkPB=1;         // talk pushbutton status
int minutesPB=1;         // minutes pushbutton status
int hoursPB=1;         // hours pushbutton status

unsigned long loc,BootSector, RootDir, SectorsPerFat, RootDirCluster, DataSector, FileCluster, FileSize;  //
unsigned int BytesPerSector, ReservedSectors, card;
unsigned char fn=1, sdhc=0, SectorsPerCluster, Fats;
unsigned char minute=0, hour=0;

void setup() {
  // put your setup code here, to run once:
pinMode(CS, OUTPUT);
pinMode(mosi, OUTPUT);
pinMode(clk, OUTPUT);
pinMode(ampON, OUTPUT);
pinMode(talk, INPUT_PULLUP);
pinMode(minutes, INPUT_PULLUP);
pinMode(hours, INPUT_PULLUP);

lcd.begin(16, 2);   // set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:
  
  //spi init
SPCR = _BV(SPE) | _BV(MSTR) | _BV(SPR0) | _BV(SPR1);  // Enable spi, Master, set clock rate fck/64
SPSR = _BV(SPI2X);    //set clock rate fck/64 = 250KHz

  //PWM Timer0
OCR0A = 0;
TCCR0A = _BV(COM0A1) | _BV(WGM01) | _BV(WGM00);  //output in phase, fast PWM mode
TCCR0B = _BV(CS00); // 16MHz/256 = 62.5KHz
pinMode(audio, OUTPUT);

  //1000 Hz - timer2
OCR2A =249;
OCR2B = 125;  
TCCR2A = _BV(COM2B1) | _BV(COM2B0) | _BV(WGM21) | _BV(WGM20);  //output B in phase, fast PWM mode
TCCR2B = _BV(WGM22) | _BV(CS22); // set prescaler to 64 and start the timer
pinMode(oc2b, OUTPUT);

    //60 sec - timer1
// OCR1A = 0xEA5F;
TCCR1A = _BV(WGM10) | _BV(WGM11) | _BV(COM1A0); //   
TCCR1B = _BV(WGM12) | _BV(WGM13) | _BV(CS11) | _BV(CS12);  // input T1, PWM mode

digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);  
//digitalWrite(ampON, LOW); 


  InitSD();
  if(sdhc){card = 1;}else{card=512;}  //SD or SDHC
  fat();
  if(BytesPerSector!=512){error();}

}


void loop()
{
   
   talkPB=digitalRead(talk);
   if(talkPB==LOW)
   {        
            //read hours
        if(hour < 21) {fn=hour; play();}
        else if(hour == 20) {fn=20; play();}
        else if(hour > 20) {fn=20; play(); fn=hour-20; play();}
        fn=24; play();     //read "hours"      

          //read minutes
        if(minute < 21) {fn=minute; play();}
        else if(minute == 20) {fn=20; play();}
        else if(minute > 20 && minute < 30) {fn=20; play(); fn=minute-20; play();}
        else if(minute == 30) {fn=21; play();}
        else if(minute > 30 && minute < 40) {fn=21; play(); fn=minute-30; play();}
        else if(minute == 40) {fn=22; play();}
        else if(minute > 40 && minute < 50) {fn=22; play(); fn=minute-40; play();}
        else if(minute == 50) {fn=23; play();}
        else if(minute > 50 && minute < 60) {fn=23; play(); fn=minute-50; play();}
        fn=25; play();    //read "minutes"
        fn=26; play();    //read message
        OCR0A=0;    //audio off
        
   }

   minutesPB=digitalRead(minutes);
   if(minutesPB==LOW)
   {   
     minute++;
     if(minute>59) {minute=0;}
     display();
     wait();
   }

   hoursPB=digitalRead(hours);
   if(hoursPB==LOW)
   {   
     hour++;
     if(hour>23) {hour=0;} 
     display();
     wait();
   }
   
   if(TIFR1 & _BV(OCF1A))   //1 minute elapsed
     {
      OCR1A = 0xEA5F;  //59999 counts = 1 minute
      TIFR1 = _BV(OCF1A);  //TMR1 interrupt reset
 
      minute++;
      if(minute>59) {minute=0; hour++;}
      if(hour>23) hour=0;
      display();

    }
}

    //find the file and play it
 void play(void)
  {
    if(!sdhc){fn += 1;}  //if not SDHC first file = 1
    if(fn > 15)
    {
      fn -=16; file(fn*32+20,1);    //32 bytes per file descriptor at offset of 20
    }
    else
    {
      file(fn*32+20,0);    //32 bytes per file descriptor at offset of 20
    }
    loc=(1 + (DataSector) + (unsigned long)(FileCluster-2) * SectorsPerCluster) * card ;
    ReadSD();
  }
  
    //LCD update
 void display(void)
  {
      lcd.setCursor(5, 0); // top left
      if(hour<10)lcd.print(" ");
      lcd.print(hour);
      lcd.print(":");
      if(minute<10)lcd.print("0");
      lcd.print(minute);
  }
  
    //SD error display
 void error(void)
  {
    lcd.setCursor(0, 1); // bottom left
    lcd.print("SD ERROR");
    lcd.setCursor(0, 0); // top left
  }
  
    //1 sec delay
  void wait(void)
  {
    unsigned long i; //,j
    for(i=0;i<100000;i++)
    {
    digitalWrite(ampON, LOW);
    }   
  }

 void ReadSD(void)
  {
    unsigned int i,r;
    unsigned char read_data;
    digitalWrite(CS, LOW);
    r = Command(18,loc,0xFF); //read multi-sector
    if(r != 0) error();     //if command failed error();
    
    while(FileSize--)
    {
      while(spi(0xFF) != 0xFE); // wait for first byte
      for(i=0;i<512;i++){
          // 3 rounds of timer 0 = total of time to get 22 khz 
        while (!(TIFR0 & _BV(OCF0A))){} 
        TIFR0 = _BV(OCF0A);  //TMR0 interrupt reset
        while (!(TIFR0 & _BV(OCF0A))){} 
        TIFR0 = _BV(OCF0A);  //TMR0 interrupt reset
        while (!(TIFR0 & _BV(OCF0A))){} 
        
        OCR0A=spi(0xFF);    //write byte to PWM
        TIFR0 = _BV(OCF0A);  //TMR0 interrupt reset
    }
      spi(0xFF);  //discard of CRC
      spi(0xFF);
     }
    
    Command(12,0x00,0xFF);  //stop transmit
    spi(0xFF);
    spi(0xFF);
    digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);
    spi(0xFF);
  }

void file(unsigned int offset, unsigned char sect)  //find files
{
  unsigned int r,i;
  unsigned char fc[4], fs[4]; //
  
  digitalWrite(CS, LOW);
  r = Command(17,(RootDir+sect)*card,0xFF);   //read boot-sector for info from file entry
  if(r != 0) error();     //if command failed
  
  while(spi(0xFF) != 0xFe); // wait for first byte
  for(i=0;i<512;i++){
    if(i==offset){fc[2]=spi(0xFF);} 
    else if(i==offset+1){fc[3]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==offset+6){fc[0]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==offset+7){fc[1]=spi(0xFF);}
    
    else if(i==offset+8){fs[0]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==offset+9){fs[1]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==offset+10){fs[2]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==offset+11){fs[3]=spi(0xFF);}
    else{spi(0xFF);}
    
  }
  spi(0xFF);  //discard of CRC
  spi(0xFF);
  digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);
  spi(0xFF);
  FileCluster = fc[0] | ( (unsigned long)fc[1] << 8 ) | ( (unsigned long)fc[2] << 16 ) | ( (unsigned long)fc[3] << 24 );
  FileSize = fs[0] | ( (unsigned long)fs[1] << 8 ) | ( (unsigned long)fs[2] << 16 ) | ( (unsigned long)fs[3] << 24 );
  FileSize = FileSize/512-1;    //file size in sectors
}

void fat (void)
{
  unsigned int r,i;
  unsigned char pfs[4],bps1,bps2,rs1,rs2,spf[4],rdc[4]; //pfs=partition first sector ,de1,de2,spf1,d[7]
  
  digitalWrite(CS, LOW);
  r = Command(17,0,0xFF);   //read MBR-sector
  if(r != 0) error();     //if command failed
  
  while(spi(0xFF) != 0xFe); // wait for first byte
  for(i=0;i<512;i++){
    if(i==454){pfs[0]=spi(0xFF);} //pfs=partition first sector
    else if(i==455){pfs[1]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==456){pfs[2]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==457){pfs[3]=spi(0xFF);}
    else{spi(0xFF);}
    
  }
  spi(0xFF);  //discard of CRC
  spi(0xFF);
  digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);
  spi(0xFF);
  //convert 4 bytes to long int
  BootSector = pfs[0] | ( (unsigned long)pfs[1] << 8 ) | ( (unsigned long)pfs[2] << 16 ) | ( (unsigned long)pfs[3] << 24 );
  
  digitalWrite(CS, LOW);
  r = Command(17,BootSector*card,0xFF);   //read boot-sector
  if(r != 0) error();     //if command failed
  
  while(spi(0xFF) != 0xFe); // wait for first byte
  for(i=0;i<512;i++){
    
    if(i==11){bps1=spi(0xFF);} //bytes per sector
    else if(i==12){bps2=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==13){SectorsPerCluster=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==14){rs1=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==15){rs2=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==16){Fats=spi(0xFF);} //number of FATs
    else if(i==36){spf[0]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==37){spf[1]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==38){spf[2]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==39){spf[3]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==44){rdc[0]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==45){rdc[1]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==46){rdc[2]=spi(0xFF);}
    else if(i==47){rdc[3]=spi(0xFF);}
    else{spi(0xFF);}
    
  }
  spi(0xFF);  //discard of CRC
  spi(0xFF);
  digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);
  spi(0xFF);   
  
  BytesPerSector = bps1 | ( (unsigned int)bps2 << 8 );
  ReservedSectors = rs1 | ( (unsigned int)rs2 << 8 ); //from partition start to first FAT
  RootDirCluster = rdc[0] | ( (unsigned long)rdc[1] << 8 ) | ( (unsigned long)rdc[2] << 16 ) | ( (unsigned long)rdc[3] << 24 );
  SectorsPerFat = spf[0] | ( (unsigned long)spf[1] << 8 ) | ( (unsigned long)spf[2] << 16 ) | ( (unsigned long)spf[3] << 24 );
  DataSector = BootSector + (unsigned long)Fats * (unsigned long)SectorsPerFat + (unsigned long)ReservedSectors;  // + 1  
  RootDir = (RootDirCluster -2) * (unsigned long)SectorsPerCluster + DataSector;
}  

unsigned char spi(unsigned char data)   // send character over spi
{
  SPDR = data;  // Start transmission
  while(!(SPSR & _BV(SPIF)));   // Wait for transmission to complete
  return SPDR;    // received byte

}
      //assemble a 32 bits command
char Command(unsigned char frame1, unsigned long adrs, unsigned char frame2 )
{
  unsigned char i, res;
  spi(0xFF);
  spi((frame1 | 0x40) & 0x7F);  //first 2 bits are 01
  spi((adrs & 0xFF000000) >> 24);   //first of the 4 bytes address
  spi((adrs & 0x00FF0000) >> 16);
  spi((adrs & 0x0000FF00) >> 8);
  spi(adrs & 0x000000FF);
  spi(frame2 | 1);        //CRC and last bit 1

  for(i=0;i<10;i++) // wait for received character
  {
    res = spi(0xFF);
    if(res != 0xFF)break;
  }
  return res;
}

void InitSD(void)
{
  unsigned char i,r[4];
  
  digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);
  for(i=0; i < 10; i++)spi(0xFF);   // min 74 clocks
  digitalWrite(CS, LOW);      // Enabled for spi mode
  
  i=100;  //try idle state for up to 100 times
  while(Command(0x00,0,0x95) !=1 && i!=0)
  {
    digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);
    spi(0xFF);
    digitalWrite(CS, LOW);
    i--;
  }
  if(i==0)  error(); //idle failed
  
  if (Command(8,0x01AA,0x87)==1){         //check card is 3.3V
    r[0]=spi(0xFF); r[1]=spi(0xFF); r[2]=spi(0xFF); r[3]=spi(0xFF);   //rest of R7
    if ( r[2] == 0x01 && r[3] == 0xAA ){    //Vdd OK (3.3V)
      
      //Command(59,0,0xFF);   //CRC off
      Command(55,0,0xFF);
      while(Command(41,0x40000000,0xFF)){Command(55,0,0xFF);}   //ACMD41 with HCS bit
    }
    }else{error();}
    
    if (Command(58,0,0xFF)==0){   //read CCS in the OCR - SD or SDHC
      r[0]=spi(0xFF); r[1]=spi(0xFF); r[2]=spi(0xFF); r[3]=spi(0xFF);   //rest of R3
      sdhc=r[0] & 0x40;
      //if(r[0] & 0x40)sdLED=1;
    }
    SPCR &= ~(_BV(SPR1));  // set clock rate fck/8 = 2MHz
    digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);
}

Credits

moty

moty

12 projects • 80 followers

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