sriram9657
Published © GPL3+

Obstacle Avoiding Robot

An Obstacle Avoidance Robot is an intelligent robot, which can automatically sense and overcome obstacles on its path using Arduino UNO.

IntermediateFull instructions provided11
Obstacle Avoiding Robot

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Arduino UNO
Arduino UNO
×1
9V battery (generic)
9V battery (generic)
×3
Ultrasonic Sensor - HC-SR04 (Generic)
Ultrasonic Sensor - HC-SR04 (Generic)
×1
DC motor (generic)
×4
SparkFun Ardumoto - Motor Driver Shield
SparkFun Ardumoto - Motor Driver Shield
×1
SG90 Micro-servo motor
SG90 Micro-servo motor
×1
Jumper wires (generic)
Jumper wires (generic)
×5

Software apps and online services

Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE

Story

Read more

Schematics

Circuit Diagram

Code

Code Used

C/C++
//ARDUINO OBSTACLE AVOIDING CAR//
// Before uploading the code you have to install the necessary library//
//AFMotor Library https://learn.adafruit.com/adafruit-motor-shield/library-install //
//NewPing Library https://github.com/livetronic/Arduino-NewPing// 
//Servo Library https://github.com/arduino-libraries/Servo.git //
// To Install the libraries go to sketch >> Include Library >> Add .ZIP File >> Select the Downloaded ZIP files From the Above links //


#include <AFMotor.h>  
#include <NewPing.h>
#include <Servo.h> 

#define TRIG_PIN A0 
#define ECHO_PIN A1 
#define MAX_DISTANCE 200 
#define MAX_SPEED 190 // sets speed of DC  motors
#define MAX_SPEED_OFFSET 20

NewPing sonar(TRIG_PIN, ECHO_PIN, MAX_DISTANCE); 

AF_DCMotor motor1(1, MOTOR12_1KHZ); 
AF_DCMotor motor2(2, MOTOR12_1KHZ);
AF_DCMotor motor3(3, MOTOR34_1KHZ);
AF_DCMotor motor4(4, MOTOR34_1KHZ);
Servo myservo;   

boolean goesForward=false;
int distance = 100;
int speedSet = 0;

void setup() {

  myservo.attach(10);  
  myservo.write(115); 
  delay(2000);
  distance = readPing();
  delay(100);
  distance = readPing();
  delay(100);
  distance = readPing();
  delay(100);
  distance = readPing();
  delay(100);
}

void loop() {
 int distanceR = 0;
 int distanceL =  0;
 delay(40);
 
 if(distance<=15)
 {
  moveStop();
  delay(100);
  moveBackward();
  delay(300);
  moveStop();
  delay(200);
  distanceR = lookRight();
  delay(200);
  distanceL = lookLeft();
  delay(200);

  if(distanceR>=distanceL)
  {
    turnRight();
    moveStop();
  }else
  {
    turnLeft();
    moveStop();
  }
 }else
 {
  moveForward();
 }
 distance = readPing();
}

int lookRight()
{
    myservo.write(50); 
    delay(500);
    int distance = readPing();
    delay(100);
    myservo.write(115); 
    return distance;
}

int lookLeft()
{
    myservo.write(170); 
    delay(500);
    int distance = readPing();
    delay(100);
    myservo.write(115); 
    return distance;
    delay(100);
}

int readPing() { 
  delay(70);
  int cm = sonar.ping_cm();
  if(cm==0)
  {
    cm = 250;
  }
  return cm;
}

void moveStop() {
  motor1.run(RELEASE); 
  motor2.run(RELEASE);
  motor3.run(RELEASE);
  motor4.run(RELEASE);
  } 
  
void moveForward() {

 if(!goesForward)
  {
    goesForward=true;
    motor1.run(FORWARD);      
    motor2.run(FORWARD);
    motor3.run(FORWARD); 
    motor4.run(FORWARD);     
   for (speedSet = 0; speedSet < MAX_SPEED; speedSet +=2) // slowly bring the speed up to avoid loading down the batteries too quickly
   {
    motor1.setSpeed(speedSet);
    motor2.setSpeed(speedSet);
    motor3.setSpeed(speedSet);
    motor4.setSpeed(speedSet);
    delay(5);
   }
  }
}

void moveBackward() {
    goesForward=false;
    motor1.run(BACKWARD);      
    motor2.run(BACKWARD);
    motor3.run(BACKWARD);
    motor4.run(BACKWARD);  
  for (speedSet = 0; speedSet < MAX_SPEED; speedSet +=2) // slowly bring the speed up to avoid loading down the batteries too quickly
  {
    motor1.setSpeed(speedSet);
    motor2.setSpeed(speedSet);
    motor3.setSpeed(speedSet);
    motor4.setSpeed(speedSet);
    delay(5);
  }
}  

void turnRight() {
  motor1.run(FORWARD);
  motor2.run(FORWARD);
  motor3.run(BACKWARD);
  motor4.run(BACKWARD);     
  delay(500);
  motor1.run(FORWARD);      
  motor2.run(FORWARD);
  motor3.run(FORWARD);
  motor4.run(FORWARD);      
} 
 
void turnLeft() {
  motor1.run(BACKWARD);     
  motor2.run(BACKWARD);  
  motor3.run(FORWARD);
  motor4.run(FORWARD);   
  delay(500);
  motor1.run(FORWARD);     
  motor2.run(FORWARD);
  motor3.run(FORWARD);
  motor4.run(FORWARD);
}  

Credits

sriram9657

sriram9657

1 project • 0 followers

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